Wednesday, January 12, 2011

BT4 PreFinal Manual Installation

:: HDD Partitioning

+64M merely means 64 MB which is more that enough to hold the GRUB folder along with the kernel. It is a good practice to install the boot manager in a separate partition from the root partition.

LILO is no longer our default bootloader.

/dev/sda1	+64M	 	Partition Boot Sector

In case you run out of physical memory, swap space will kick in. A rule of thumb is: double your memory size if you have low memory (e.i 1GB), same size if you have high memory (e.i 4Gb). It is all about personal taste!

/dev/sda2	Varies		Swap

/dev/sda3 Varies /
/dev/sda4 Varies Windows

:: Formatting Drives

root@bt:~# mke2fs /dev/sda1
root@bt:~# mkswap /dev/sda2
root@bt:~# swapon /dev/sda2
root@bt:~# mkreiserfs /dev/sda3

:: Manually Install

root@bt:~# mkdir /mnt/bt4
root@bt:~# mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/bt4/
root@bt:~# mkdir /mnt/bt4/boot
root@bt:~# mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/bt4/boot
root@bt:~# cp --preserve -R /{bin,home,pentest,root,usr,boot,etc,lib,opt,sbin,var} /mnt/bt4/
root@bt:~# mkdir /mnt/bt4/{dev,mnt,tmp,proc,sys}
root@bt:~# mount -t proc proc /mnt/bt4/proc/
root@bt:~# mount -o bind /dev /mnt/bt4/dev/

:: Bootsplash Support

root@bt:~# cd /media/cdrom0/boot
root@bt:~# cp --preserve -R {bootsplash,vmlinuz,initrd.gz} /mnt/bt4/boot/

root@bt:~# chroot /mnt/bt4/ /bin/bash

:: Editting GRUB /boot/grub/menu.lst

root@bt:~# nano /boot/grub/menu.lst

timeout 5 #The number of seconds GRUB should wait before booting an OS
default 0 #The entry which should be booted by default
fallback 1 #The entry which should be booted in the event of the first one failing


# This is an example of using a separate partition for /boot
title BT4 PreFinal
root (hd0,0) # Boot Partition
kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/sda3 rw vga=0x317
initrd /initrd.gz

title Microsoft Windows XP Home
root (hd0,3)
chainloader +1

:: Installing GRUB (When /boot resides in its own partition)

root@bt:~# grub
grub> find /grub/stage1
grub> root (hd0,0)
grub> setup (hd0)
grub> quit

Note: The “root” line must point to the location of your /boot/ partition if you have one. If you do not have one, point it at your / partition.


No comments:

Post a Comment